Present Senerio of Indian Politics: A Comprehensive Overview

Discover the Present Senerio of Indian Politics: A Comprehensive Overview

Get an in-depth analysis of Indian Politics and the current senerio in the country. Learn how the political system of India is structured and how it affects the citizens. Understand the challenges, present opportunities and why Indian Politics needs your attention now.

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Discover the Present Senerio of Indian Politics: A Comprehensive Overview

Historical Evolution of Indian Politics

The history of Indian politics can be traced back to the days of early Indian civilization. The first major political movements in India began in the 1870s with the formation of the Indian National Congress (INC), which later became known as the Congress Party. This political party consisted of various groups from different backgrounds, ideologies, and religious beliefs, united by a common goal of fighting for Indian independence. Since then, India has seen many significant changes in its political landscape, ranging from the rise of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the establishment of multiparty democracy in India in 1991.

Origins of the Indian National Congress

The history of Indian politics dates back to 1885, when a group of Indian nationalists decided to form an organization to voice their concerns and to fight for India’s independence from British rule. This organization was called the Indian National Congress (INC).
The leaders of the INC were Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Allan Octavian Hume. These men were responsible for shaping the Indian political scene and transforming it into a platform for freedom and unity. They were also responsible for forming a joint platform for all sections of Indian society, and initiating the process of Indian parliamentary democracy.

The British Rule and Indian Independence

The British Raj, which lasted from 1858 to 1947, was an oppressive period in Indian history. During this period, Indians were subjected to oppressive taxes, a large military presence, and strict laws. The British government also sought to divide Indian society based on religion and caste. These policies contributed to the severe economic distress, poverty, and general discontent among the Indian population.

In response to this repression, Indian nationalist leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru began organizing protests and political movements to fight for Indian independence. They formed the Russian-inspired “Non-Cooperation Movement,” which sought to end British rule in India through peaceful protests and organization. This movement was met with harsh repression from the British government, and it was eventually disbanded in 1922.

The Rise of the Bharatiya Janata Party

In 1980, the newly formed Indian political party, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), achieved a remarkable victory in the state elections. This victory helped to popularize the Hindu nationalist-oriented party and its ideology, which sought to end the domination of the secular-oriented Indian National Congress.

The BJP was able to capitalize on the growing discontent among the Indian population and garnered enough support to form a government at the national level in 1998. Under the leadership of then-Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the BJP implemented various reforms and initiated projects to improve India’s infrastructure and economy. The BJP also sought to restore the Hindu nationalist ideology in India and to champion traditional values of religion, culture, and society.

The Emergence of Multi-Party Democracy

The promotion of multi-party democracy in India began in 1989 with the election of Rajiv Gandhi as Prime Minister. During his tenure, controls on media, labor, and corporate laws were gradually relaxed. This allowed the emergence of many small political parties in the Indian political landscape.

The rise of multi-party democracy in India also saw the emergence of the leftist parties such as the Communist Party of India (CPI). These parties sought to reverse many neo-liberal economic reforms and empower the poor and marginalized sections of Indian society.

Political Ideologies in Indian Politics

Indian politics is characterized by a wide range of political ideologies. While some political parties advocate for a free-market economy and privatization of public services, other parties are more inclined towards an interventionist approach towards the economy and advocate for greater welfare spending.

The Indian National Congress (INC) is a center-left political party that favors a mixed economy, public investment in infrastructure, and welfare spending. On the other hand, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is a center-right Hindu nationalist party that advocates for a free-market economy and reducing regulations and subsidies.

Regional Representation and Identity Politics

Identity politics is an important part of Indian politics. Regionalist and minority parties such as the Sikkim Democratic Front, the Mizo National Front, and the Telangana Rashtra Samiti have been successful in tapping into the regional and ethnic grievances of their constituencies. These parties have sought to represent the interests of minority communities in states and districts across India.

Political Corruption and Electoral Reforms

Political corruption has been a major issue in Indian politics for a long time. Several parties, elected representatives, bureaucrats, and civil society organizations have been implicated in corruption scandals. To address this issue, the Government of India has implemented several reforms, such as the Right to Information Act (2005) and the Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act (2013). These reforms have helped to bring some semblance of transparency and accountability to Indian politics.

Political Participation and Voting Rights

Political participation has historically been low in India, but the recent Lok Sabha elections saw an unprecedented turnout of voters, with almost 67% of eligible voters taking part in the electoral process. This is attributed to the increased awareness among the population regarding the importance of voting, as well as the introduction of online registration and other measures to make it easier to register and vote.

The Election Commission of India has also been taking steps to ensure that those from marginalized communities, such as Dalits and women, are able to exercise their right to vote by providing special assistance and provisions.

Significance of Coalition Governments

The rise of coalition governments has been a prominent feature of Indian politics in recent decades. The emergence of coalition governments has made it difficult for a single party to achieve an absolute majority in the parliament. This has led to the formation of multi-party governments, which have had to work together to pass legislation and govern in the interests of the nation.

Coalition governments have thus been able to form alliances that encompass different groups and ideologies in order to provide solutions to the problems facing the nation. This has enabled India to transition from the traditional two-party system to a multi-party democracy.

Women in Indian Politics

Women have traditionally been underrepresented in Indian politics due to various factors, such as gender bias, cultural norms, and limited access to education and resources. However, in recent years, there has been an increase in the participation of women in Indian politics, with several high-profile female politicians holding influential positions in the government.

The passage of the Women’s Political Empowerment Bill in 2018 was a landmark moment in Indian politics, as it sought to ensure that more women were elected to positions of power. The bill seeks to provide 33% reservation for women in local government, as well as providing aid and assistance to women candidates.

Social Media and Political Discourse

Social media has become an important platform for political discourse in India. Social media platforms such as Twitter and Facebook provide an easy way for people to communicate their opinions and express their views on various political matters.

Political parties, candidates, and supporters also use social media to reach out to a wider audience and build support for their campaigns. Social media has become a powerful tool for shaping public discourse, as evidence by the overwhelming response to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s campaign during the recent Lok Sabha election.

Future of Indian Politics

The future of Indian politics looks promising, with the introduction of various reforms to increase public participation in the political process, the emergence of regional and minority parties, and the rising prominence of women in political leadership.

In the years to come, India is likely to witness an emergence of new political parties, with a stronger focus on regional issues and local agendas. These parties are likely to challenge the hegemony of the existing political parties and work towards bettering the lives of the people in their constituencies.

The political discourse in India is also likely to be shaped by the increasing prominence of social media in political discourse. This platform is likely to be used to increase awareness, mobilize public opinion, and shape the future of Indian politics.

Discover the Present Senerio of Indian Politics: A Comprehensive Overview

Industry Impact of Indian Politics and Present Scenario

Political Influence on Industry:
In India, politics have always been a major influencer in how industries and businesses are run. Political parties, unions, powerful individuals and powerful families have often had a say in how the industry runs. This has often led to industries facing a lot of roadblocks when it comes to growth and development. Over time, the government has put in place various policies and regulations to ensure the industry remains in check.

Policies and Regulations:
The Indian government has implemented stringent policies and regulations to ensure industries are running smoothly and in an ethical manner. The government has put in place policies such as the Goods and Services Tax (GST) to ensure there are uniform taxes across the country, and the Companies Act, 2013 to protect public funds. Other policies such as the recently launched Digital India Initiative are also aimed at promoting the growth of digital industries in the country.

Technology Innovations:
The Indian government has also been trying to promote the adoption of technology and automation in industry. The government has recently launched a ‘Make in India’ campaign, encouraging foreign investments and giving tax incentives to companies that are manufacturing in India. Additionally, the government has also been pushing for the adoption of digital payment methods in industry. This has led to a growth in e-commerce and digital payment solutions, such as Paytm, Google Pay, and Amazon Pay.

Labour Reforms:
The Indian government has been pushing for labour reforms in industry for some time now. The new amended labour codes provide for easier and speedier settlement of industrial disputes, and protection of right of workers in terms of better wages, job security, and participation in management. The new laws are aimed at protecting workers from exploitation and from irregular working practices. The laws also provide a safety net for employers in terms of better labor market management and ensuring compliance with labor laws.

Infrastructure Development:
Infrastructure plays an important role in the development of any industry or economy. The Indian government is pushing for the development of infrastructure in the country, especially in the manufacturing sector. The government has launched several initiatives such as the Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana, and the Smart Cities Mission, to improve the infrastructure in the country. This has led to an increase in the development of new factories and industries, which has in turn resulted in the creation of more jobs.

Public-Private Partnerships :
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) have become an important tool for the development of industry. The Indian government has been actively encouraging PPPs in various industries, including manufacturing. PPPs help in accelerating the development of industry by speeding up the development process and enabling the country to access new markets, technologies, and new sources of funding.

Ease of Doing Business:
The ‘Ease of Doing Business’ (EoDB) initiative launched by the government has had a major impact on the industry. This initiative has made it easier for businesses to start up and do business in the country. The government has put in place various reforms such as a single-window system for all approvals and a simplified tax system to make it easier for businesses to operate.

Foreign Investments:
The Indian government has been actively encouraging foreign investments in the country. The government has launched various schemes such as ‘Make in India’ and ‘Startup India’ to promote foreign investments in the country. These initiatives have helped in promoting FDI in the country, which has in turn resulted in the growth of new industries and an increase in employment opportunities.

Skill Development :
The Indian government has been actively promoting skill development in the country. The government has launched various initiatives and schemes such as the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana and the Skill India Mission to promote the development of skilled labor in the country. These initiatives have helped in developing the skills of the workforce, which in turn has led to greater efficiency and productivity in industries.

User Experiences :
The Indian government has been working to promote user experiences in the country. The government has launched initiatives such as the Digital India mission and the Aadhaar project to promote digital inclusion and ensure citizens have a more digital experience. The government has also been encouraging the growth of the e-commerce industry in the country, which has resulted in more consumer friendly experiences, such as cashback offers and discounts. The government has also been promoting the use of digital payment services, such as Paytm and Amazon Pay, in order to encourage more digital transactions.

Discover the Present Senerio of Indian Politics: A Comprehensive Overview

Understanding Indian Politics and its Present Scenario

The Historical Context

India is the world’s largest democracy and has been since gaining its independence from British rule in 1947. Indian politics, as such, has been marked by intense political rivalry, with all major political parties vying for control over governance and administration. The current ruling government in India is the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which came to power through a landslide victory in 2014. The BJP is led by the highly popular Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who has played a large part in driving the nation’s growth in recent years.

Challenges Faced by Indian Politics

India’s politics are often criticized for being rife with corruption, cronyism, vote-bank politics, and a lack of economic inclusivity and accountability. The BJP-led government has been accused of being highly authoritarian, with its policies aimed at subjugating regional identities and destabilizing democracies in states with communal tensions. Furthermore, India’s reckless environmental policies have put it on an ecological and economic collision course, with the citizens saddled with some of the worst pollution levels in the world.

Success Stories in Indian Politics

Despite its struggles, India has made significant progress in building a stable and vibrant political landscape. The BJP-led government has implemented major reforms in both domestic and foreign policy, and has improved India’s reputation on the global stage. In addition, India has made significant investments in infrastructure and education, while India’s economic growth continues to outpace global averages.

Emerging Trends in Indian Politics

The current Indian political landscape is witnessing a shift towards political decentralization, away from the federal or central government structures and towards regional parties. This has opened up more spaces for local or regional actors and activists to engage in politics. In addition, technology-enabled campaigns and populist policies have given rise to new political voices and emerging social movements.

Regional Parties

As previously mentioned, the emergence of regional parties in India has been a major factor in the changing face of politics. Regional parties have injected a fresh energy into the political discourse and have managed to successfully challenge the hegemony of the BJP-led government at the national level. Powerful regional political forces such as the Aam Aadmi Party, the Shiv Sena, and the YSR Congress Party, among others, have gained popularity by addressing local concerns and voicing the demands of the marginalized and disadvantaged.

Democratic Decentralization

India’s democratic decentralization efforts have been successful in empowering the people and giving them a greater say in how their country is run. This has resulted in greater transparency and accountability, and has allowed citizens to engage more productively in the political life of the nation. This shift towards grassroots democracy has also empowered local governments to take an active role in policy-making, leading to more inclusive and representative governments.

Technology in Politics

The proliferation of technology has also given rise to new methods of political engagement. Social media networks, for example, have become highly influential tools for political communication, with candidates and organizations leveraging these platforms to reach out to a larger audience and engage in meaningful dialogue. Online political campaigns have also increased in popularity over the last few years, with citizens making their voices heard by participating in digital campaigns.


Populist policies have been a major factor in India’s political landscape in recent years. Popular policies such as the Universal Basic Income and quotas for historically marginalized communities are seen as ways of giving people a greater say in the political process. However, such policies often appeal to people’s emotions more than their reason, and have triggered a backlash from citizens who are skeptical of the government’s motives.

Social Movements

The emergence of powerful social movements such as the #MeToo movement in India and the farmer protests have also infused new energy into the political landscape. These movements have been powered by youth anger and frustration with an unequal society, and have highlighted the need for political actors to engage in meaningful dialogue and adhere to people-centric solutions.

Foreign Policy

Under Mr Modi’s leadership, India has seen a shift in its foreign policy, with greater emphasis on diplomatic initiatives and a more activist role in global affairs. In addition, India has made significant progress in strengthening its external security and trade relationships, while maintaining close ties with its traditional allies. India has also shown willingness to work with countries such as China, which is considered to be its principal rival.

Economic Growth

Even as it has faced its fair share of problems, India’s economy has continued to grow at a healthy rate. The Indian economy is now the fifth largest in the world, and has made great strides in areas such as financial inclusion and poverty alleviation. The Modi-led government has made major investments in infrastructure, healthcare and education, and labor reforms have made it easier for businesses to set up operations in the country.


The current political scene in India is marked by intense competition, with all major political parties vying for control over governance and administration. Challenges such as corruption, cronyism, lack of economic inclusivity, and environmental degradation remain, but India has made significant progress in building a stable and vibrant political landscape. The emergence of regional parties, democratic decentralization, increased use of technology in politics, and rising social movements have given rise to new political voices and have infused fresh energy into the country’s political discourse. India has also seen positive developments in its foreign policy and economic growth, and the future outlook of the country looks encouraging.

Discover the Present Senerio of Indian Politics: A Comprehensive Overview

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Introduction to Indian Politics and Present Senerio

India is the world’s largest democracy and the country has a vibrant and diverse political system. Indian politics has been traditionally dominated by the Indian National Congress, which had been in power for much of the 20th century.
In recent years, however, the rise of regional and state-level parties has led to a greater decentralization of power across the country. Indian politics now involves a multi-party system, with numerous parties at the federal, state, and local levels vying for power. This has created a new dynamic in which regional and state-level parties have gained considerable influence.

The Role of the Federal Government in Indian Politics

The government of India is the federal government, which is responsible for the governance of the entire country. The Indian Constitution divides the powers and responsibilities between the federal government and the state governments.

The federal government is responsible for the defence of India and the maintenance of international relations, currency, banking and commerce. Additionally, it oversees foreign aid and disaster management, the management of elections, and the overall execution of laws. It is also responsible for the protection of human rights, the promotion of social justice, and the formulation of foreign policy.

The federal government can also pass laws to regulate taxation, industry, and imports and exports, as well as laws relating to the armed forces, the police, and the public services. Finally, it administers public services, such as the rail network, electricity and water, and post offices.

Role of Parliamentary System in Indian Politics?

In India, the federal government is structured around a parliamentary system. This means that the President is elected to represent the people of India, while the Prime Minister is elected by the members of the Parliament.

The Prime Minister is the leader of the majority party or coalition in the Parliament. The Prime Minister is responsible for heading the executive branch of the government, and is ultimately responsible for the day-to-day running of the government.

The Parliament is composed of two houses: the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States). The members of the Lok Sabha are directly elected by the people of India, while the members of the Rajya Sabha are elected by the state legislatures.

The Parliament is responsible for debating and passing laws and regulating the federal government. It is also responsible for the budget and taxation, and can initiate impeachment proceedings against the President or any other high-ranking official.

State Governments in Indian Politics

The states of India are also governed by a legislative and executive branch. Each state has its own constitution, and its own legislative body known as a Vidhan Sabha.

The members of the Vidhan Sabha are elected by the people of the state, and are responsible for the state’s laws and budgets. Like the Indian Parliament, the Vidhan Sabha can also pass laws and amend the constitution of the state.

The executive branch is headed by a Chief Minister, who is appointed by the governor of the state and is responsible for the day-to-day running of the state government. The Chief Minister is usually the leader of the majority party or coalition in the Vidhan Sabha.

Local Governments in Indian Politics

In many states, local governments, known as Zilla Parishads or Panchayats, are responsible for the administration of local affairs. These local governments are composed of elected representatives, who are responsible for the management of local resources, public works, and local services, such as water supply, roads, sanitation, and public health.

The local governments are responsible for the protection of citizens’ rights, the equitable distribution of resources, and the implementation of government policies at the local level.

The Role of Political Parties in Indian Politics

Political parties play a central role in the functioning of the Indian political system. Political parties are formed around particular ideologies and philosophies, and are usually based on regional, caste, or religious identities. The major national parties are the Indian National Congress, the Bharatiya Janata Party, the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, the Communist Party of India, and the Samajwadi Party.

In addition to these major parties, there are several regional parties with significant representation in state and local governments. The parties are responsible for the selection of candidates for elections, the formation of governments, the formulation of policies and agendas, and the oversight of the legislative process.

Electoral Process in Indian Politics

The electoral process in India is overseen by the Election Commission of India, which is an autonomous body responsible for conducting free and fair elections. Elections are held at regular intervals for the Parliament, state legislatures, and local Panchayats and Zilla Parishads.

The elections for the Lok Sabha and the Vidhan Sabhas are direct elections in which the people of India elect their representatives directly. The elections for local governments are conducted by the state governments, and candidates are elected by the people of the local regions.

In addition to the direct elections, by-elections are also held to fill vacancies in the Lok Sabha and the Vidhan Sabhas caused by the resignation or death of a member.

Judiciary System in Indian Politics

The Indian judiciary system is independent of the government and is responsible for administering justice. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country, and its decisions are binding on all the other courts.

The High Courts are the courts of justice in each state and Union Territory. They are responsible for the administration of justice in the state and Union Territory, and their decisions are binding on all the lower courts.

The district courts are courts of original jurisdiction and are responsible for matters related to civil and criminal law. The district courts are presided over by district judges, who are appointed by the state governments.

Finally, the local courts, such as the munsif or small cause courts, are responsible for the administration of justice in local matters such as landlord-tenant disputes and petty criminal cases.

Present Senerio of Indian Politics

Indian politics is currently in a state of flux. The traditional dominance of the Indian National Congress has been eroded in recent years, with regional and state-level parties making major gains and forming alliances to form governments.

The Bharatiya Janata Party is seen as the main challenger to the Indian National Congress, and has made major gains in recent years. It is currently the ruling party in the national government, as well as the government in several states.

Newer regional parties such as the Aam Aadmi Party, the Telangana Rashtra Samithi, and the Biju Janata Dal have also gained considerable influence in Indian politics. This has led to a greater decentralization of power and an increased focus on local issues.


In conclusion, Indian politics has undergone significant changes in recent decades, with the traditional dominance of the Indian National Congress being challenged by regional and state-level parties. The emergence of these new parties has resulted in a more decentralized political system, with local and regional issues being given greater importance. Additionally, the parliamentary system and the judiciary system continue to play an important role in the functioning of the Indian democracy.

Discover the Present Senerio of Indian Politics: A Comprehensive Overview

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An Overview of Indian Politics and Present Senerio

Indian politics is in a state of flux. The BJP is in power at the Centre and the ruling party is trying to steer the nation in a new direction, away from its socialist roots and towards more liberal policies. The main opposition, the Congress party, is attempting to reclaim its lost ground and challenge the government’s policies. Meanwhile, regional parties are continuing to hold sway in many states across the country.

Governance & Administration

India has adopted a parliamentary system of governance. This involves multi-party systems, with the leader of the largest public vote forming the government. The Parliament consists of two houses – the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. The Lok Sabha is the lower house, and it is directly elected by the people of India. The Rajya Sabha is an upper house, and its members are elected by state elected assemblies.

The Prime Minister is the Head of Government in India, and he or she is elected by the members of the Lok Sabha. The Prime Minister is responsible for administering the government of India and directing the actions of its officials. The Cabinet, comprising members appointed by the ruling party, is responsible for the implementation of policy.

Role of Political Parties

The main political parties in India are the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Indian National Congress (INC), and the Communist Party of India (CPI). The BJP is the principal force in Indian politics and is in power at the Centre. The INC is the main opposition party. The CPI is a minor party with limited influence. There are also regional parties that are influential in some states, such as the Akali Dal in Punjab, the DMK in Tamil Nadu, and the Shiv Sena in Maharashtra.

There are also numerous smaller, non-statutory parties that do not have significant representation in Parliament or the assemblies. These parties typically focus on specific issues and are politically influential.

Electoral System

India has a multi-party system in place for elections. All citizens aged 18 and over are eligible to vote. Voting is conducted by secret ballot, and candidates must contest in their own constituencies in order to be elected. Elections are held at regular intervals to elect members to Parliament, state assemblies, and local bodies.

The Election Commission of India (ECI) is responsible for overseeing the electoral process. The ECI is an autonomous body, and it ensures that all elections are conducted in a free and fair manner. It also monitors the actions of political parties and candidates to ensure that all electoral laws are observed.

Campaigns & Strategies

Political parties typically engage in several activities in the run-up to an election. These include campaigning, issue-based debates, and rallies. Campaigns are usually designed to promote a particular party’s message and agenda. Political parties also engage in activities such as conducting surveys and polls to gauge voter sentiment. These are used to devise effective strategies for the election.

Political parties also engage in grassroots mobilization, which involves taking their agenda to the public and rallying support for it. They may also focus on particular electorates or communities to increase their popularity amongst them.

Government Policies & Programs

The Indian government implements numerous policies and programs to ensure the wellbeing of citizens and promote social and economic development. These include economic initiatives such as the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and the Make in India program. The government also implements welfare schemes such as the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme and the National Rural Health Mission, which aim to improve the health and livelihood of citizens.

The government also works on initiatives such as digital India, which aims to provide digital access to citizens; Swachh Bharat, which seeks to promote cleanliness and hygiene; and Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao, which focuses on the welfare of women and girls.

Influence of Money & Muscle Power

Money and muscle power have long been prominent features of Indian politics. Candidates in some states are known to use money power to influence the outcome of elections. This includes buying votes, coercing voters, and rigging the election. Politicians may also use muscle power to threaten or coerce voters.

Media Influence

The media has a significant influence on Indian politics. Media coverage of the election campaign and debates between political parties can play a major role in shaping public opinion. This can have a significant effect on the outcome of an election.

Role of Citizens in Politics

The citizens of India play an important role in shaping the country’s political landscape. They have the power to choose their representatives and can put their stamp of approval on policies and initiatives of the government. They can also make their voices heard through social media and other online platforms.

Political Corruption

Political corruption is a major issue in India. Politicians have been known to misuse their positions of power to gain personal benefits. This includes bribe-taking, embezzlement of funds, and misuse of government resources for their own gain. The issue of corruption is definitely one of the major challenges facing Indian politics today.

Future of Indian Politics

The future of Indian politics is uncertain. Political parties will continue to battle to gain power, while citizens will continue to demand better governance. Issues such as corruption, poverty, and inequality will remain. It remains to be seen which political party will be able to effectively address these issues and secure the future of India.

Discover the Present Senerio of Indian Politics: A Comprehensive Overview


What is the present political scenario in India?

The present political scenario in India is complex. The relationship between the ruling party and the opposition is often strained and national consensus on key policy issues is largely missing. The recent major legislative initiatives of the government include the passing of The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, National Register of Citizens, and the Goods and Services Tax.

Who is the current leader of Indian Politics?

Prime Minister Narendra Modi is the current leader of Indian Politics. He has been in power since May 2014 and will be seeking re-election in the upcoming 2019 general election.

What is the main party in Indian politics?

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is the main party in Indian politics. It is a center-right political party that has been in power since 2014, and is currently led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

What are the major political issues in India?

The major political issues in India include poverty, unemployment, corruption, population growth, terrorism, religious and ethnic divisions, lack of access to basic services like health care and education, income inequality and gender inequality.

Who is the leader of Oppositon in Indian politics?

Rahul Gandhi is the leader of the opposition in Indian politics. He is the President of the Indian National Congress, and is the leader of the opposition in the Lok Sabha.

What is the status of women’s rights in India?

Women’s rights in India remain a challenge due to the prevalence of gender disparities, discriminatory social practices, and restrictions on women’s mobility and decision-making. Although significant progress has been made in recent years to improve the status of women’s rights, there is still much more that needs to be done.

What is the caste system in India?

The caste system in India is a hierarchical system of social stratification. It encompasses discrimination between various castes, and is rooted in India’s ancient culture and tradition. The caste system is still prevalent in many parts of India and is a cause for concern for many social justice activists.

How does the government of India work?

The government of India is based on a multi-party parliamentary system and works according to the Constitution of India. The President is India’s head of state and is elected through an electoral college. The Prime Minister is the head of government and is elected through the Lok Sabha. The executive branch is composed of the President, Vice President, and Prime Minister, with the judiciary functioning as an impartial check on their authority.

What is the relationship between India and Pakistan?

India and Pakistan have a long and complicated history, and have been involved in numerous conflicts since their respective independence. The two countries have an uneasy and fraught relationship, marked by tension and mistrust. The current situation is one of hatred and animosity, and neither country appears willing to even attempt an amicable solution anytime soon.

Discover the Present Senerio of Indian Politics: A Comprehensive Overview

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